Bodhinagala, also called Ingiriya Forest Reserve, is a is a secondary lowland rain forest patch in Kalutara District, in 30 km distance from the West Coast. The Bodhinagala Forest is located to the south-west of Ingiriya town, it is a slightly hilly area of 20 hectares stretching from mainroad A8 to the Kalu Ganga river, which is untouched and quite idyllic here. Right in the centre of the reserve is the meditation centre “Bodhinagala Aranya senasanaya”. Due to new signboards it’s easy to find the way to this forest monastery. There are about 20-25 monks living in the caves situated in Bodhinagala tropical rain forest. Paved routes are created as meditation paths for the Buddhists monks living in this very calm area. In order to leave them undisturbed, there are restricted visiting hours.
The forest reserve consists of two hills near the river. The slope area is rich in herbal plants and other typical wet zone plants. Many specied of butterflies can be seen here, including the Tawny Rajah (Charaxes bernardus). Endemic mammal species are Sri Lanka’s monkeys, the Purple-faced Langur (Trachypithecus vetulus) and Toque Macaques (Macaca sinica) and the Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura), one of its three subspecies is also native in Southern India.
The avian fauna of Bodhinagala, home to 151 recorded bird species, is significant as one of the best sites the Green-Billed Coucal, one of Sri Lanka’s rarest endemic birds. Other endemic birds occuring in Bodhinagala are Black-capped Bulbul, Ceylon Spurfowl, Yellow-fronted Barbet, Ceylon Small Barbet, Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot, Layard’s Parakeet, Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill, and Spot-winged Thrush. Endemics to South Asia occuring in Bodhinagala are the Ceylon Frogmouth and the Malabar Trogon. Common birds are Emerald Dove, Greater crested Drongo, Dark-fronted Babbler, and Black-napped Monarch.
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