Home to more than 400 bird species, Sri Lanka is a paradise for ornitholigists, birdwatching is easy and amazing in and around bird sanctuaries and national parks and wetland reserves. the best time for bird watching enthusiasts to visit the island is during the northern hemisphere winter months. Particulalry the month of December has been declared National Bird Month by the Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka. Migratory birds from India, Central Asia, East Asia, Siberia, Scandinavia and even Western Europe can be seen in this part of the year. Among resident birds, Ceylon flycatcher, Green beater, eagles, herons and woodpeckers are a few of the delights.
One reason for the biodiversity of Sri Lanka are the thre climate zones, the wetzone, dryzone and intermediate zone including the highlands, offering very different eco-systems for birds and other animals. There are highly recommendable birdwatching areas in all parts of the country. Sinharaja Rainforest is the best place for ornithologists in the wet zone, smaller rainforests such as Kanneliya, Bodhinagala and Labugama Kalatuwawa are also interesting wetzone habitats. Anawilundawa and Muthurajawela wetlands are birdwatching paradises in the intermediate zones in the west, Kalametiya Lagoon is a bird sanctuary in the intermediate zone in the south. The best birdwatching attraction of the highlands is Horton Plains. However, Thangamala and Hakgala are interesting smaller bird sanctuaries for highland species. Kitulgala in the Kelani river valley in the west of the highlands jcombines highland and wetland species. Kaludiya Pokuna Reserve at the northern edge of Knuckles Range has a combination of highland and dryzone birds. The southern dryzone has the highest numbers of bid species, namely in Kumana National Park. Bundala National Park is famous for large flocks of Flamingos. It’s easy to observe birds of prey on a boat trip on the Senanayake Lake of Gal Oya National Park in the east of the island. An unknown birdwatching opportunity in the northern dryzone is Iranamadu Tank. A bird sanctuary in the north-east is the Kokkilai Lagoon.
Ask Sightseeinglanka’s team leader Kapila directly to organze a few relaxing bird watching days during your stay in Sri Lanka or a whole roundtrip including classic destinations as well as birdwatching highlights in the different climate and vegetation and avifauna zones of Sri Lanka, wet zone, dry zone and highlands.
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