Aggabodhi II. (about 600) is the last great tank builder in the Anuradhapura period. He is credited to have constructed 14 tanks, at least two of them are significant. Giritale is well-known to visitors of Polonnaruwa. It is the smaller brother of Minneriya tank bordering the same national park. Kantalai is the large reservoir halfway between Habarana and Trincomalee. It neither belongs to the Anuradhapura nor the Polonnaruwa irrigation scheme, thus developing an additional cultivation area. Furthermore, Aggabodhi II rebuilt the Thuparama, Anuradhapura’s oldest Dagoba, and is also said to have constructed six new monasteries.
The reign of Aggabodhi II. lasted only 10 years. It’s not quite sure when exactly his reign began, somewhat between 598 and 604. Almost certainly he ruled about 609, when the King of Kalinga, an important Indian realm at the Gulf of Bengal fled to Sri Lanka, probably driven from his kingdom be the mighty central Indian Chalukya King Pulakeshin II.
Aggabodhi II, called Kuda Agbo “Little Aggabodhi” by the Sinhalese, succeeded his uncle Aggabodhi I, who had ruled for more than three decades. The reign of these two Aggabodhis (Agbos), who belonged to the Moriya clan, saw the last era of peace in the Anuradhapura centuries. Internal fights with the rivaling Lambakanna clan and foreign interventions occured frequently in the late Anuradhapura period. During this period, the Kings of Anuradhapura lost control about the southern part of the island, Rohana. It is not quite clear, whether the two Aggabodhis were still in charge of Rohana like their immediate predecessor Mahanaga. Definitely, the successors were weak rulers without any influence in Rohana, since the death of Aggabodhi II was followed by what can be called the worst decades of turmoil in the Anuradhapura kingdom. Even Buddhist monasteries were plundered.
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